Jean-Michel Glachant is part-time Professor at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies and Director of the Florence School of Regulation, EUI. Glachant worked in the private sector before becoming a full professor at the Sorbonne in 1999. He then became the Director of the Department of Economics, University of Paris-Sud, where he founded the ‘Groupe Réseaux Jean Monnet’ and later the European Erasmus Mundus Master EMIN. He has been an advisor for the European Commission and the French Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE). He is a research partner in institutes at MIT, Cambridge University, University of Leuven and University Paris-Sud.