Donald Tusk has been President of the European Council since December 2014. Previously he was Prime Minister of Poland (2007–2014) and a co-founder and chairman of the Civic Platform party. In 2011 he became the first Prime Minister to be re-elected since the fall of Communism in Poland He studied history at the University of Gdańsk, where he became an activist student leader in the 1970s and 80s, helping to found the Solidarity Student Committee. Later he went on to co-found the Liberal Democratic Congress. In February 2013, he received the Gold Medal award of the Fondation du Mérite Européen from Jean-Claude Juncker.