Bernard Hoekman is the Director of the research area Global Economics: Trade, Investment and Development at the EUI’s Global Governance Programme. He is a CEPR Research Fellow, co-Director of the CEPR Trade Policy Research Network, and a Senior Associate of the Economic Research Forum for the Arab countries, Turkey and Iran. Prior positions include Director of the International Trade Department and Research Manager in the Development Research Group of the World Bank. He was also economist in the GATT Secretariat and held visiting positions at SciencesPo in Paris. His research focuses on international trade and development questions and the governance of the global trading system.